Развитие ситуации в Ираке
Iraq remains in the heart of the Middle East instability. The threats coming therefrom are mainly caused by external intervention under the pretext of reshaping regional political landscape through overthrowing undesirable regimes. The expansion of the terrorist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant originating from this country became a serious challenge.
The caliphate proclaimed by ISIL is fraught with danger not only for Iraq's and Syria's integrity but also for the security of the entire Middle East. In Iraq itself terrorists control one third of the country.
The situation is aggravated by the attempts of some external and regional parties to play upon intra-Iraqi tensions. First and foremost, it applies to Turkey. It is building up its military presence in Northern Iraq, bypassing official authorities, which is inadmissible and illegal.
A lot of questions arise in connection with the actions of the so-called multinational coalition led by the US undertaken allegedly in support of Baghdad in its fighting with ISIL. The extremists' potential is still there. Moreover, their activity spread to North Africa, Afghanistan and the European continent.
Despite severe territorial losses, Iraqi government managed to hold back expansion of ISIL. Recently, a part of lost territories was regained from the extremists. Recapture of Ramadi regional center became a milestone event. The next in line is Mosul, the second largest city in the country.
The Russian side consistently supports the efforts of the Iraqi government to counter ISIL and secure territorial integrity of the country. The Iraqi Army's capacity is strengthened by our military supplies. A four-party information and coordination center with the participation of military men from Russia, Iraq, Syria and Iran is operational in Baghdad.
Nevertheless, Iraqi problems should be tackled by combining the fight with terrorists and efforts to achieve national concord in the country. Moscow comes out for establishing an inclusive intra‑Iraqi dialogue aimed at reaching consensual agreements. It is important that they take into account the interests of all ethnic and confessional groups of the country.
Progress towards that end has been facilitated by the efforts undertaken by the Iraqi government to establish an atmosphere of trust in the country. It is important to ensure sustainability of this process.
The situation of religious minorities in Iraq, particularly of Christians and Yazidis, is a matter of serious concern. One might even say that they are massively fleeing the country. The only way to stop it is to ensure stability and security in the country, which implies intra-Iraqi settlement.