Генеральная Ассамблея ООН
RUSSIA'S POSITION AT THE 66th SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
1. The 66th session of the UN General Assembly should consolidate multilateral approaches to resolving global problems of the modern world. To achieve international stability we need to intensify joint efforts aimed at strengthening the legal framework in inter–State relations, settling regional conflicts, dealing with the problems of WMD non-proliferation, addressing new challenges and treats, reforming the global management system, ensuring sustainable development, food and energy security, and combating climate change.
2. Enhanced collective engagement should be based on strict compliance with the UN Charter prerogatives of the UN Security Council as the principal body bearing responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. Adhering to the principle of supremacy of international law, Russia stands for rigorous implementation of the UN SC decisions, not allowing for their broad interpretation.
3. The main objective of the UN SC reform is to raise the efficiency of this body and make it more representative taking into account the growing number of the UN Member States and changes in the global political landscape. At the same time, it is important to ensure the Council's adequate and prompt response to emerging crises and problems. The progress of the intergovernmental negotiations on the SC reform shows that none of the reform models proposed so far enjoys wide support. In such a situation putting some models to the vote would inevitably polarize the General Assembly. We should continue laborious work on harmonizing positions without imposing artificial deadlines for making decisions on this delicate issue. This is the only way to elaborate a reform model that would enjoy maximum possible support – much larger than the two-thirds of UN Member States' votes required by the Charter. Regardless of the chosen UN SC reform model prerogatives of its current permanent members, including power of veto, should remain intact.
4. In the framework of the efforts to revitalize the work of the UN General Assembly we support rational propositions aimed at enhancing the efficiency of its work. However, any innovative reforms should be carried out in strict compliance with the UN Charter prerogatives of the principal UN bodies.
5. The UN peacekeeping measures have proved their efficiency as an irreplaceable instrument for settling armed conflicts and fulfilling initial tasks of nation-building at the post-conflict stage. We are willing to promote this area of work in full compliance with the principles of the UN Charter.
The Russian peacekeepers are engaged in 9 out of 16 UN peacekeeping operations (PKOs). Our country retains one of the top positions in the UN procurement market for peacekeeping activities (14 per cent, or US$382 million, 99 per cent of which accounts for aviation services). Moreover, only Russian companies provide planes and helicopters with increased lifting capacity for the UN PKOs support.
6. Recent developments in troubled regions, particularly in North Africa, confirm the need for the Security Council to elaborate clear mandates for peacekeeping operations excluding the possibility of their broad interpretation. Russia stands against introducing any elements that have not been previously approved by the majority of Member States to the UN peacekeeping practice.
Taking into account the importance of improving peacekeeping activities and enhancing the UN SC military expertise, we support the engagement of the SC subsidiary body envisaged by the UN Charter – the Military Staff Committee – in these activities, and the building-up of its consultative capacity in the military aspects of the UN PKOs.
7. We intend to promote the efficiency of the UN Peacebuilding Commission's coordinating and consultative functions in the framework of its mandate. Starting from 2008, Russia has been annually contributing $2 million to the Peacebuilding Fund. We have undertaken specific measures to form a human resources pool of the Russian corps of civil experts in peacebuilding.
8. The increasing role of certain groups of countries and their associations necessitates the development of interaction between the UN and regional organizations, in accordance with Chapter VIII of the UN Charter. In this context, our priority is to promote the practical use of the Organization's contacts with CSTO, CIS and SCO. We support further constructive cooperation between the UN and the African Union, LAS, OIC, ASEAN and other organizations in order to engage them in the prevention and settlement of crises.
9. Russia's approach to addressing the issues on the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda includes a set of measures to strengthen strategic stability and observe the principle of equal security for all. Among our priorities are practical implementation of the specific measures approved at the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non–Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), including launching the negotiations on the prohibition of the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons at the Conference on Disarmament (CD); promoting the Russian–Chinese draft treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space at the CD; and supporting the establishment of nuclear-free zones.
In the context of global non-proliferation efforts, the UN SC Resolution 1540 takes on a special importance. The Russian Federation stands for its full implementation by all countries, certainly with due account of the comprehensive and long-term nature of the objectives outlined in the Resolution.
10. We stress the importance of the Russia –US Treaty on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms in the context of the efforts for nuclear disarmament, strengthening the non-proliferation regime and maintaining strategic stability. We believe it important to engage all nuclear powers and nuclear weapon States in the Russian –US efforts in this sphere, while respecting the principle of equal and indivisible security for all.
11. We aim at further active work to prevent the placement of weapons in outer space. This objective becomes especially relevant in 2011, when the world community celebrates the 50th anniversary of the first human space flight.
At the present stage we consider it important to focus on implementing Resolution 65/68 adopted by the UN GA at its 65th session, concerning the establishment of a group of governmental experts (GGE) to conduct a study, commencing in 2012, on outer space transparency and confidence-building measures. At the 66th session of the UN GA we will submit to the First Committee a draft decision on transparency and confidence-building measures in space activities (TCBM), encouraging to support the GGE's work in 2012-2013 and calling upon Member States to continue submitting their considerations on TCBM to the UN Secretary-General to be taken into account in the course of the Group's work.
12. We will continue our work on issues of international information security. We focus our efforts on preventing the use of information and communication technologies for criminal, terrorist and politico-military purposes, as well as interference in the domestic affairs in states. These are the tasks of the GGE created in accordance with Resolution 65/41 of the UN GA, which, commencing in 2012, will continue to study existing and potential threats in the field of information security and possible cooperative actions to eliminate them.
13. The Russian Federation has consistently come out in support of restoring order in global arms circulation and global arms trade as one of its components. During the discussion of the eventual document of the UN Conference on the international Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) set to take place in 2012 the Member States should focus on defining its key elements and agreeing upon them. Format and status of this possible document should be determined by its final contents rather than prejudged.
Russia calls for making more efficient and increasing the impact of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. We are ready to work together with all States to supplement the Programme with specific measures which would be really helpful in stopping the diversion of SALW to illicit trafficking.
14. We support further discussions on interfaith and inter-cultural cooperation for peace in the General Assembly. Russia has been actively involved in various initiatives of the Organization in this field, including the Alliance of Civilizations and the Tripartite Forum on Interfaith Dialogue and Cooperation for Peace. We keep under close review the initiative to proclaim a UN decade of interreligious and intercultural dialogue, understanding and cooperation for peace.
We believe it possible and necessary to broaden the basis for and enrich the content of the dialogue among cultures under the auspices of UNESCO by adding an interfaith dimension to it. Therefore, we support setting up a high-level group on interfaith dialogue under the Director-General of the Organization on the initiative of Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Kirill.
15. We intend to fully contribute to continuing the dialogue between the UN and civil society institutions and enhancing the role of the ECOSOC NGO Committee as a key body enabling interaction between the UN and non-governmental organizations.
16. The Russian Federation has consistently supported strengthening the international counter-terrorism system with the UN and the Security Council as its main coordinating center.
We commend the outcome of the second review of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (GCTS) in September 2010 in terms of terrorism prevention, countering the ideology of extremism and violence and use of media for terrorist purposes.
We welcome the efforts being made by the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) to implement the GCTS. We support the CTITF initiative aimed at introducing a regional dimension in the implementation of main pillars of the GCTS, which is being undertaken in Central Asia with the use of capacities of regional organizations such as CSTO, SCO and CIS.
17. We advocate the development of a more straightforward anti-crime strategy under the UN auspices. We call for the mainstreaming accommodation of the final agreements reached at the Twelfth UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (Salvador, Brazil, April 2010) into national and global efforts on countering main challenges in this field. In particular, we consider it advisable to elaborate a universal convention on fighting cybercrime.
We call for a full-scale implementation of decisions taken at the third session of the Conference of the States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption (Doha, Qatar, November 2009), in particular concerning the operation of the review mechanism for the implementation of the Convention, the establishment of effective procedures to return corrupt assets to their countries of origin, and increasing technical assistance to the countries concerned.
18. We consider the dramatic changes in the political landscape of a number of countries of the Middle East and North Africa to be a result of political, social and economic problems that have piled up in the region. We believe that there is no panacea for solving crises in different countries and that international assistance, including the UN assistance, should be provided with the utmost caution and consent of those States. Elaboration of international mechanisms to stabilize the situation should be guided by the principles of respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and of dealing with internal political problems without external interference, peacefully and through an inclusive national dialogue.
19. We believe that a long-term settlement of the crisis in Libya is only possible through political and diplomatic means. The priority is to achieve a ceasefire and to launch a political process.
We are convinced that the responsibility for working out the modalities of settlement lies with the Security Council rather than any other self-proclaimed formats. Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973 should be strictly applied, and it is unacceptable to interpret them in a liberal way. All actions to implement these resolutions should be consistent with the main purpose they were adopted for, i.e., protecting the country's civilian population.
20. We are committed to achieving a comprehensive, lasting and just Arab-Israeli settlement on the universally recognized international legal basis, i.e., Security Council Resolutions 242, 338, 1397, 1515 and 1860, the Madrid principles, the roadmap and the Arab Peace Initiative. The Russian Federation supports the establishment of a sovereign, viable and contiguous Palestinian State, based on the 1967 borders and the agreed territorial exchanges and with East Jerusalem as its capital, which would live in peace and security with Israel.
The parties to the conflict should renounce violence and unilateral steps which could predetermine the outcome of the final status negotiations. Israeli settlement construction activities on the occupied Palestinian territories should be stopped.
We are mindful of the need to preserve the leading role of the quartet of Middle East mediators in facilitating the search for the ways of final settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
We welcome the signing of the Reconciliation Agreement between Fatah and Hamas and other Palestinian organizations in Cairo on May 4, 2011, which should help restart the negotiation process between Israel and the PNA. We believe that the restoration of inter-Palestinian unity on the platform of the PLO and the Arab Peace Initiative is a key factor in establishing peace between Palestinians and Israelis.
Convening a conference on the Middle East in Moscow is still on the agenda. It can be held as soon as the necessary conditions are in place, primarily as regards the resumption of direct contacts between Palestine and Israel.
21. Promoting stabilization in Iraq is among the long-term goals of the United Nations in the Middle East. The only way to achieve it is through increasing efforts aimed at reaching national consensus on the basis of an inclusive dialogue involving major political forces and ethnic and religious communities, with a view to strengthening unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country, as well as by encouraging Baghdad to fulfill its remaining obligations under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, particularly to settle the outstanding issues with Kuwait. Therefore, we commend the efforts taken by Gennady Tarasov, High-Level Coordinator on Iraqi-Kuwaiti humanitarian affairs, to normalize the relations between the two States. We support the efforts of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq.
22. We insist that the UN should be given a central role in coordinating international civil efforts on Afghan settlement. We would like to see an independent, democratic and neutral Afghanistan in the future. National reconciliation should be led by the Afghan government and should not compromise strict compliance with the sanctions regime of the Security Council.
Drug trafficking emanating from Afghanistan, which poses a threat to international peace and stability, is a cause of particular concern. Therefore, the Russian sponsored initiative to create anti-drug and financial security belts with the coordinating role played by the UN and with the participation of Afghanistan's neighboring States is becoming more relevant. Measures to destroy drug crops are an important component in countering the Afghan drug threat. We are committed to strengthening the international control regime for illicit trafficking in precursors. Russia will further contribute to combating the spread of drugs, including through its participation in the efficient multilateral mechanism Kanal (Channel) and other CSTO-based anti-drug measures as well as in initiatives undertaken by SCO, NRC and OSCE.
23. In our view, it would be counterproductive to discuss the situation between Georgia and Abkhazia as well as the problem of "internally displaced persons and refugees" from Abkhazia and South Ossetia at the United Nations. Georgia's initiative at the General Assembly has nothing to do with a real concern for refugees and IDPs of all ethnic origins; it was introduced with the sole aim of politicizing a humanitarian matter.
Geneva discussions and the Georgian-Abkhaz Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism involving representatives of the United Nations fully meet the goal of stabilizing the situation in this part of Transcaucasia.
We will continue to focus our partners' attention upon the need to take into account the new geopolitical realities in the region structuring our further work, including in the international organizations, on that basis.
24. UN SC Resolution 1244 remains a universally binding international legal framework for reaching Kosovo settlement. Russia is ready to take part in the political efforts to facilitate a legally correct and just solution to the Kosovo problem. We welcome the resumption of the dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina. We believe that it is essential to ensure the presence of UNMIK representatives at the negotiations. We support the establishment at the Security Council decision of a UN-accountable international investigation mechanism, following Mr. Dick Marty's report on illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo.
25. We stand for a just, comprehensive and lasting solution to the Cyprus problem, which provides for the creation in Cyprus of a bi-communal, bi-zonal federation on the basis of relevant Security Council resolutions and top-level agreements of 1977 and 1979 upon the condition of political equality of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. The way to resolve the problem of Cyprus should be put forward by the Cypriots themselves and should serve the interests of the two communities. The involvement of the international community in the Cyprus affairs, including the efforts undertaken within the UN Secretary-General's mission of good offices, should remain purely complementary and unbiased. Unattainable timetables of negotiations and recourse to external arbitration is not acceptable.
26. We have taken active participation in the elaboration of a comprehensive approach to prevention and settlement of conflicts in Africa, as well as to ensuring of sustainable development of the countries of the continent. In this context, we take note of the practical interaction between the United Nations and the African Union, including that in the peace-building process. We support the efforts to establish African own peacekeeping capabilities, to strengthen and reform national security sectors in post-conflict countries, and to build democratic institutions of power. We share the goals and principles of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).
27. The new stage of political life in Sudan, upon the declaration of independence of South Sudan, should provide conditions to meet challenges related to post-conflict reconstruction, socio-economic progress and ensuring the democratic rights and interests of all Sudanese citizens. We respect the will expressed by the population of South Sudan. Now it is necessary to settle through negotiations the remaining issues, including that of the status of the Abyei region. We encourage the establishment of good-neighbourly and mutually beneficial relations between the North and the South. We support the efforts to resolve the Darfur crisis by peaceful means.
28. The collapse of the diarchy has not brought the crisis in Côte d'Ivoire to an end. On top of the current agenda is national reconciliation (it is important, in this regard, to avoid political repressions and normalize the humanitarian situation). International assistance will be needed to reach the goals of economic recovery of the country. The United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) should be able to provide effective assistance.
29. Piracy off the coast of Somalia remains a serious destabilizing factor. The situation when the majority of pirates enjoy impunity due to the lack of effective mechanisms for their criminal prosecution just increases the number of pirate attacks in the region. To counter such we have initiated the adoption of the UN SC Resolution 1976 that calls to start work to establish with the international involvement Somali anti-piracy courts. We stand for their immediate establishment.
We intend to maintain active cooperation with our partners, in particular within the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, in order to make practical steps to develop an anti-piracy judicial mechanism with an international component. This will not only make criminal prosecution more effective with respect to ordinary pirates, organizers of pirate gangs and persons who control financial flows, but will also help to bring the situation in the entire region to normalcy.
30. We consider the sanctions imposed pursuant to the UN decisions to be an important political and diplomatic instrument for resolving international conflicts and crisis situations. At the same time, these sanctions should pursue explicit and legitimate aims, timeframes, be subject to periodic review, and conditions should be clearly set for lifting the sanctions or granting exemptions from them. The UN Security Council and sanction committees should enjoy all the controlling powers. Preference should be given to targeted restrictions against the instigators of conflicts. It is unacceptable to use sweeping sanctions that may harm civil population.
The Organization's Member States should consider the provisions of the UN SC sanction resolutions a norm not subject to unduly broad or arbitrary interpretation. We oppose the States' use of unilateral sanctions. Measures introduced in circumvention of the UN Security Council may undermine international political and diplomatic efforts, as well as weaken the integrity of the world community. Moreover, due to their extra-territorial character such measures frequently lead to the violation of sovereignty and interests of the third States that are engaged in legal international economic activities and respect the UN SC decisions.
31. Russia's stance on the economic, trade and financial blockade that the USA imposed on Cuba remains unchanged: we share the opinion of the overwhelming majority of the UN Member States that strongly condemn the American embargo against Cuba and call for lifting it. We have taken note of certain steps that the Obama Administration has made to ease the sanctions, nonetheless we believe this is not enough. In fact, only the additional restrictions introduced during George W. Bush's presidency have been lifted by now.
32. We stand for a political and diplomatic settlement of the nuclear problem of the Korean peninsula through the resumption of the six-party talks, taking into account the legitimate interests of each party. Strict observance of the provisions of the UN SC Resolutions 1718 and 1874 should be an important constituent of this process.
33. Concerns of the international community over Iran's nuclear program (INP) should be removed in the course of the negotiations, primarily within the framework of the "six". Relevant international actions should focus on maintaining and expanding Iran's cooperation with the IAEA with a view to clarify all the aspects of the country's nuclear activities. Iran should fully implement the applicable resolutions of the IAEA Board of Governors and UN Security Council. We are against increased sanctions pressure on the Islamic Republic of Iran.
34. We have been closely following the activities of the International Criminal Court (ICC). We are interested in an objective and impartial handling of the South Ossetian case by the Court. We urge the ICC to maintain a rational balance between the interests of justice and the necessity of building and supporting the peace processes in the countries, whose dossiers it deals with.
35. We intend to take further efforts needed to complete in due time the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and transfer them to a format of a "residual mechanism" in accordance with UN SC Resolution 1966.
36. We note the significant increase in the number of cases on the docket of the UN International Court of Justice. This fact reflects the states' trust in the principal judicial body of the Organization. We support this trend and, on our part, we seek to ensure that judicial procedures do not become objects of abuse for the sake of short-term political interests. That was what lay behind Russia's position regarding the lack of the Court's jurisdiction in relation to Georgia's suit against our country which evidently aimed at distracting attention from the gross violations of the international law committed by Saakashvili regime.
The fact that the Court refused to consider this far-fetched case contributes to reinforcing the credibility of both the Court and the UN human rights bodies Georgia should have addressed to before bringing the suit. Furthermore, the decision benefits international peace-building as it allowed to avoid a precedent when a state that carried out peace-building functions would have been hold liable for the inability of the parties to the inter-ethnic conflict to settle it.
37. The General Assembly will traditionally consider the report of the regular session of the International Law Commission of the UN. We urge to take due account of the Commission' experience in the work of the Organization. We are waiting for the election of the Commission members scheduled for 2011. Kirill Gevorgyan, head of the Legal Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has been nominated as Russia's candidate. We hope to receive support for this nomination.
38. With respect to the responsibility of States to protect their population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, we are guided by the provisions of the corresponding section of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document that provides for rendering comprehensive assistance to States when peaceful means of settlement do not suffice while national authorities are clearly unable to protect their population. We believe that any broad interpretation of the term "responsibility to protect" is counterproductive. We warn against ill-considered and hasty attempts to arbitrarily apply this concept to country-specific cases.
39. We consistently advocate the principle of inadmissibility of distorting the history and reviewing the WWII outcome, which is especially important given that the main part of the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly will be held in the year of the 65th anniversary of the announcement of the Nuremberg tribunal verdict. In line with these efforts and fight against any forms and manifestations of racism, discrimination and xenophobia, Russia will again submit to the General Assembly a traditional draft resolution on the "Inadmissibility of certain practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance", aimed at counteracting neo-Nazism and modern revenge-seeking trends. We urge delegations that have not yet backed up this initiative to join the States speaking out against the glorification of war criminals convicted at Nuremberg and actively discouraging the modern revenge-seeking manifestations.
40. We attach great importance to interstate cooperation in human rights protection and promotion. The UN human rights structure should not be politicized and should be focused on rendering to States technical assistance in human rights and freedoms protection. Decisions criticizing the situation in certain countries do not help to establish a constructive dialogue with them. This practice is inappropriate, and even more so given the fact that the mechanism of the Universal Periodic Review of the Human Rights Council (HRC) functions successfully. The review process of the first five-year cycle has demonstrated that the work of the Council should continue to be aimed at depoliticization of the human rights dialogue, facilitation of a substantial and constructive discussion of human rights issues at the United Nations forums.
Guided by the intention to further promote an honest and equitable dialogue, based on mutual respect, on ensuring human rights and fundamental freedoms, the Government of the Russian Federation has decided to put forward its candidature for re-election to the Human Rights Council, for the period 2013-2016.
41. Russia appreciates the activities of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and supports it, in particular, by annually contributing $2 million to its budget. In order to raise the quality of the Office's work, it is necessary to enhance its transparency and accountability to the UN Member States.
42. International humanitarian cooperation and the activities of international humanitarian agencies, including the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), are an important part of the integrated efforts aimed at maintaining peace and strengthening security and stability.
At the same time we note the necessity to avoid politicization of UNHCR's activities related to providing international protection and assistance to refugees, including their return, integration and post-conflict rehabilitation.
We believe that all changes in the UNHCR structure and system should raise the efficiency of the Office's activity within the framework of the existing mandate.
43. As for social development, Russia supports further elaboration of practical steps aimed at implementing the concept of "global partnership" set forth in the decisions of the World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen, 1995) and 24th special session of the UN General Assembly, which was developed in the Millennium Declaration and the Monterrey Consensus, as well as in the "Copenhagen + 5", "Copenhagen + 10" documents and Summit – 2005 decisions.
We reaffirm the necessity of enhancing the role of the Commission for Social Development as the main UN coordinating body for the issues related to population ageing, ensuring equal opportunities for persons with disabilities, strengthening the role of family and improving the status of youth.
Russia's social and economic development programs take into account the relevant UN recommendations and decisions. Our country made a substantial contribution to the preparation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities aimed at fuller integration of persons with disabilities into society and applying to them of international human rights standards without any discrimination, and signed it in 2008. We are currently working toward the ratification of the Convention.
44. We support the policy of ensuring gender equality and advancement of women, in compliance with the decisions of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the 23rd Special Session of the UN General Assembly. The Commission on the Status of Women should remain a key UN body for promoting all the categories of human rights of women and intensifying the combat against violence and gender discrimination.
We support the launching of UN Women. We believe that the "hybrid" nature of this entity should be taken into account in the process of defining its main areas of activity and priorities, as well as addressing the issue of its accountability.
We stand for the strengthening of international cooperation to protect the rights of children and fulfilling the objectives set in the outcome document of the 27th Special Session of the UN General Assembly, "A World Fit for Children". Russia's ratification in 2008 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child concerning the involvement of children in armed conflicts demonstrates Russia's commitment to respect international human rights and humanitarian standards.
45. We attach great importance to the work of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly in the economic, environmental and humanitarian fields.
We are interested in elaboration, under the UN aegis, of comprehensive and long-term strategies for countering global crises and negative trends related to the functioning of the global financial, food and energy markets.
We note the importance of the beginning of a broad discussion of the UN role in the global economic management system. The debates and working on the resolution should be oriented towards creating efficient mechanisms regulating economic relations in the world for the sake of promoting sustainable economic development, as well as towards increasing coordination of efforts in the framework of main multilateral platforms, including leading regional associations and informal alliances of leaders.
We assume that the coming discussion in the General Assembly will promote constructive interaction between the UN and the G20 aimed at creating efficient global management system and rapid overcoming of the consequences of the world economic crisis.
46. We seek a constructive collaboration with our partners to implement the Millennium Development Goals in a timely manner.
Our priority task is to create a basis for a consensus on principles and benchmarks of the global partnership for development for the period after 2015.
47. We support further strengthening of coordination functions of the UN Economic and Social Council, promoting the dialogue under its aegis and strengthening interaction among all key partners engaged in international social and economic cooperation, including UN agencies, Bretton Woods institutions and the World Trade Organization.
48. The creation of a more sustainable model of long-term development is impossible without an adequate international system of energy supply. The legal framework of cooperation in the energy field should cover all aspects of global collaboration of producing countries (exporters), transit countries and consumers (importers) of energy resources. To this end Russia submitted to a number of States and leading international organizations a draft Convention on Ensuring International Energy Security for their consideration.
We believe that it is important to diversify the production and consumption of energy resources, in particular by developing the nuclear and renewable energy, while maintaining the dominance of hydrocarbons in the global energy balance in the foreseeable future. We are in favour of broad international cooperation aimed at finding ways to ensure reliable transportation of energy resources to the markets.
49. In our view, it is necessary to learn lessons from the accident at the Japanese Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant and take measures to strengthen the international legal framework for ensuring safety of nuclear facilities, including the elaboration within the IAEA of additional requirements for the construction of nuclear power plants in seismic hazard zones and areas vulnerable to other natural disasters. At the same time, it is important to avoid undermining the policy aimed at developing nuclear energy.
50. We intend to further promote the international cooperation in road safety, including in the context of the Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011-2020), proclaimed by the UN GA. We will support the adoption of the next GA resolution on this issue.
51. We hope that the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro (Rio + 20) is going to be a success. The Preparatory Committee should work towards the elaboration of balanced approaches to priority items on the agenda, in particular those related to the transition to "green economy" taking into account the real capacities for ensuring a long-term sustainable development.
It is necessary to ensure that the implementation of the concept of "green economy" will not lead to trade and technological discrimination under the pretext of protecting the environment.
52. We are willing to continue a constructive work to reach agreement on an international regime of climate cooperation for the period beyond 2012 in the light of the outcomes of the Cancun Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The ultimate UNFCCC goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere can only be achieved with the involvement of all States, both developed and developing, without any exception taking into account their real capacities and depending on the extent of their impact on climate change.
53. We are in favor of further enhancement and advancement of the work under the aegis of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) aimed at implementing the concept of sustainable development and achieving the MDGs.
54. In the field of global health, issues related to the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCD) have become increasingly important. We commend the outcomes and the final document of the First Global Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Non-Communicable Disease Control (Moscow, 27-29 April, 2011), that laid a good foundation for the subsequent high-level meeting of the UN GA on non-communicable diseases.
55. The UN activities in the field of international humanitarian cooperation should be based on the principles of neutrality, impartiality, humanity and independence of humanitarian aid, enshrined in the GA resolutions, as well as on the consent of the government of the affected country to the provision of aid and on the respect for its territorial integrity and sovereignty.
We support the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) as key coordinating mechanisms for humanitarian operations and mobilization of financial resources.
56. We support a large-scale reform of the global agriculture and food security system launched at the "Rome Platform", including the strengthening of the mandate of the FAO as the head organization in charge of the world agricultural sector, forestry and fishery and an agricultural knowledge hub.
Despite negative impacts of the global financial crisis and grave consequences of the 2010 drought, Russia continues to increase its contribution to global food security. Our total contribution made for these purposes through the UN institutions during the period of 2009-2011 amounted to $ 330 million. Furthermore, Russia's regular contribution to the WFP Fund for 2011-2013 will exceed $ 90 million.
57. When considering the UN draft budget for 2012-2013 we shall be guided by the need to contain the increasing expenditures of the Organization and ensure sound expenditure management. We support in principle the UN Secretary-General's initiative to reduce the expenditures by three per cent, it being understood that the reduction will not impede the implementation of programmes. Any requests for resources should be clearly justified in terms of achieving concrete results.
In relation to the financing of the United Nations peacekeeping activities we deem it appropriate to strive for economies and more efficient use of significant human, material and financial resources utilized for that purpose.
58. We devote attention to the UN management reform. We approve the Secretariat's intention to increase the effectiveness of efforts to support the UN field missions. In this regard, we stand for the most thorough consideration by the Fifth Committee and ACABQ Global Field Support Strategy that was submitted. We are concerned with the fact that certain provisions of the Strategy are not adequately thought out. Of concern is also the fact that in practice the establishment of regional centers can lead to increasing expenditures. Furthermore, the reform can perturb the existing support mechanisms and ultimately cause failures in the work of the missions.
The UN procurement reform should be aimed at ensuring efficient and transparent procurement, as well as fair international competition at the UN market.
59. An important principle of the UN communication activities is linguistic diversity combined with the parity of the official languages of the Organization. At the same time we note a certain linguistic disparity, particularly in the contents of the UN website. We insist on the development of all forms of media coverage of the activities of the world organization in the Russian language.