Публикатор

23.09.1411:03

ON RUSSIA'S POSITION AT THE 69TH SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY

23-09-2014

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1. While the processes in international relations are getting worse because of attempts by individual countries to impose their approaches to other participants, the 69th session of the UN General Assembly is called to continue its work on building collective responses to global and regional challenges based on the principles of equal and indivisible security, inclusive dialogue, while respecting the rights of peoples to determine their own future.

2. Respect for international law, primarily the UN Charter, strengthening the central coordinating role of the UN as a universal mechanism to ensure global stability, is becoming a more urgent task. Strict compliance with the UN Security Council exclusive authorities in maintaining international peace and security remains imperative. Security Council decisions do not allow arbitrary interpretation and are binding for all members of international community.

3. The purpose of the reform of the UN Security Council is to achieve broader representation without damaging the effectiveness and efficiency of its work. It is necessary to keep searching for a reform model without setting artificial deadlines. It should enjoy the broadest support within the UN (much stronger than two-thirds of votes of its Members).

The prerogatives of the current permanent Members, including their right of veto, must remain intact.

4. We support realistic initiatives to improve the effectiveness of the UN General Assembly. We are focusing on improving the working methods and arranging overloaded agenda. Any innovation must be based on strict compliance with division of prerogatives among the principal UN bodies.

5. Security Council sanction mechanisms should be focused on promoting political and diplomatic settlement of conflicts. Restrictions should be targeted and aimed at minimizing damage to the civilian population. The use of unilateral sanctions, which undermines collective international political and diplomatic efforts, is illegitimate and proved to be totally counterproductive.

6. We condemn the trade and economic blockade imposed by the United States on Cuba and stand for its earliest abolition.

7. Cooperation between the UN and regional organizations is an inherent feature of the current stage of international relations. We focus on enhanced collaboration between the UN and the CSTO, CIS, and SCO. We attach particular importance to developing practical cooperation between the UN and the CSTO in peacemaking activities.

8. In the UN peacemaking we are mindful of the need for strict compliance with its basic principles while adapting its activities to current realities. The PKO mandates should be clear and realistic. We call for transparent dialogue between Member States and the UN Secretariat on the development of the framework for securing new trends in the UN peacekeeping operations (multicomponent nature, new technologies, etc.).

Russia is among the ten major contributors to the peacekeeping budget of the world Organization (more than 3%) and makes a practical contribution to the UN peacekeeping operations: participation of peacekeepers in missions, training of foreign peacekeepers and the police, leading transportation services in the UN peacekeeping operations.

9. The Ukraine domestic crisis settlement is possible only through political and diplomatic means, provided that all violence is ceased and on the basis of a broad and equal national dialogue, which will address the legitimate aspirations of all regions of the country, the language and ethno-confessional groups at the constitutional level. We insist on objective and impartial investigation of the cases, which led to significant violence and victims, and on bringing to justice those responsible for this. It is crucial to abandon the neo-Nazi ideology, the glorification of war criminals and the Nazi accomplices in the territory of Ukraine. Russia is ready to make a humble contribution to the settlement of the Ukraine domestic crisis to defuse the situation, strengthen confidence in Ukraine and restore the long-term stability.

10. The Syrian conflict is to be settled only by peaceful means and through an inclusive political dialogue on the basis of the Geneva Communique of 2012 and the agreed agenda. The Montreux International Conference formed all the necessary prerequisites for that. Joining the efforts of the government and the opposition in the fight against the terrorist threat, which creates risks of regional destabilization, remains one of the priorities.

We welcome the successful conclusion of the liquidation process of the Syrian military and chemical potential in accordance with the decisions of the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the UN Security Council Resolution 2118.

11. We intend to continue our efforts to settle the Middle East issue, both through bilateral channels and on the international fora, primarily in the format of the Middle East mediators quartet and engaging the regional key actors and the LAS. It should be based on the international legal framework agreed in the UN. We stand for the establishment of a sovereign, viable and contiguous Palestinian State based on the 1967 borders and the agreed territorial exchanges and with East Jerusalem as its capital, which would live in peace and security with Israel. The Israelis and the Palestinians are called to renounce violence and unilateral steps which could predetermine the outcomes of negotiations. We support efforts to achieve inter-Palestinian unity on the platform of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

12. We support the political transition in Yemen and the reforms conducted by the government based on the recommendations of the National Dialogue Conference.

13. We are seriously concerned by the abrupt deterioration of the situation in Iraq. We support the efforts of Baghdad undertaken against terrorists and extremists. Domestic policy problems should be settled peacefully and should take into account the interests of all ethnic and confessional groups.

14. Overcoming the crisis in Libya is possible through broad consensus on the future state structure of the country. Widespread violence and almost disintegration of the Libyan statehood is an obvious consequence of illegitimate forceful interference in the situation in the country in violation of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions. We are concerned by the fact that the country is becoming a source of illicit arms proliferation in the region and beyond.

15. We support the efforts of the Afghan government aimed at advancing national reconciliation and the dialog with the armed opposition. Establishment of new capable authorities throughout the country and increased potential of the Afghan security forces remain important prerequisites for restoring a normal internal political climate. We are deeply concerned about the overflow of terrorist activity from the IRA to the Central Asia. The UN Mission should remain a focal point of international civilian efforts. Drug production as a threat to international peace and stability requires a consolidated response by the international community. In this area, the task to increase cooperation of law enforcement authorities at a regional level is coming into focus.

It is important that the new NATO mission in the IRA be based on the international legal framework in the form of the UN Security Council resolution that would allow other countries to fully collaborate with it.

16. The lasting settlement of the situation around Iran's nuclear program can only be achieved by political and diplomatic means on the basis of phased approach and reciprocity through comprehensive agreement between the six-nation group and Iran under the Geneva Plan of Action of 2013, as well as by normalizing relations between Tehran and the IAEA.

17. On the Korean peninsula it is urgently needed to resume the Six Party Talks without preconditions to resolve the nuclear problem and implement the effective confidence-building measures in the Northeast Asia. We are consistently calling for denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. It is unacceptable to build up foreign military presence in the region under the pretext of responding to Pyongyang's actions.

18. The Kosovo settlement should be based on the UN Security Council resolution 1244. The political dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina should be aimed at ensuring security and the rights of minorities and protection of cultural and religious heritage. We stand for an objective and impartial investigation of illicit trade in human organs in Kosovo.

19. The Africans themselves bear the primary responsibility and play a leading role in prevention and settlement of conflicts on the African continent. We note some progress in the development of the African Peace and Security Architecture. We call for the enhanced partnership between the UN and the African Union and subregional organizations of the continent.

20. In the inter-Sudanese relations it is important to maintain the commitment to find compromise arrangements on outstanding complicated issues including the status of disputed territories, particularly the Abyei area.

21. As for Darfur, we support the national dialogue launched by the Sudanese government. The Security Council sanctions should be imposed on rebel groups who reject any dialogue.

22. We stand for the political settlement of the conflict in South Sudan and the implementation of agreements of January 2014. We support the Igad mediation efforts to ensure the ceasefire.

23. In the Central African Republic ethnic violence raises special concern. We support the efforts of Africans to promote the crisis settlement and restore effective state power in the CAR. The UN peacekeeping mission in the CAR is to become an important stabilizing factor.

24. A lasting settlement of the crisis in Mali provoked in particular by the Libyan conflict is only possible through inclusive national dialogue. Developments in Mali will augur well for the international community in stabilization of the whole Sahara and Sahel region.

25. In Somalia, along with the suppression of the transboundary activity of extremists from Al-Shabaab, it is necessary to continue the formation of viable state institutions, to promote national reconciliation and the principles of federalism.

Bringing order on land, suppression of the financing channels and bringing to justice the leaders of the pirate business is the key to eradicating theSomali piracy.

26. In the field of disarmament we advocate for increased effectiveness of the relevant UN mechanisms and oppose attempts to dismantle them. We urge our radical partners to adjust their position in favor of a constructive approach to search for mutually acceptable solutions.

We support the strengthening of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in all its aspects. We believe that the main objective of the 2015 NPT Review Conference is that all participating States should confirm their commitment to the Treaty and to indivisible obligations, envisaged by it, as well as to implementation of the 2010 Action Plan. It is required to implement international decisions on strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime in the Middle East: accession of all states in the region to the NPT and establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and other WMD and their means of delivery in the Middle East (MENWFZ).

We intend to continue our pro-active efforts to convene the MENWFZ Conference with a view to hold it by the end of this year.

We intend to counter the spread of arms race in outer space. There is a clear need for the development of an international legally binding Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, which could involve transparency and confidence-building measures (TCBMs). The Russian initiative of "no first placement" of weapons in outer space, to which a number of states have already acceded, is an important political step in this direction.

27. We will continue our pro-active work on issues of international information security (IIS). It is necessary to intensify the international efforts on preventing the use of information and communication technologies for criminal, terrorist and politico-military purposes and for interference in the domestic affairs of States.

28. With respect to the responsibility of States to protect their population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes againsthumanity, we are guided by the provisions of the corresponding section of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document. The main thing is that responsibility to protect should not be used as a pretext for changing undesirable political regimes.

29. The Russian Federation supports the activity of the UN International Court of Justice as the main judicial body of the organization and is ready to render assistance in creating conditions for effective and unbiased implementation of its functions. We call on the States to support the Russian candidate at the election of judges to the UN International Court of Justice, the head of the Legal Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign AffairsK.G.Gevorgian.

30. We attentively monitor the work of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC while working on a "country" dossier should strike a rational balance between the interests of administration of justice and the necessity of supporting the peace processes. The impartial approach to investigation of crimes of all parties to a military conflict is imperative.

31. We intend to make all necessary efforts to complete in due time the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and transfer them to a format of a "residual mechanism" in accordance with the UN SC Resolution 1966 (2010).

32. We protest against the use of rule of law on the UN "platform" for promotion of disputable human rights’ doctrines (gender issues, LGBT, and juvenile justice). We see here attempts to make a convenient pretext of interference\to intervene in interstate affairs.

The UN should focus on rule of law at the international level, on the respect for the international agreements’ obligations, and peaceful settlement of international disputes. At the national level, rule of law should take into account political and legal, economic, religious, and ethnic specifics of states.

33. Terrorism remains one of the most serious threats to global peace and security. To counteract this threat, the international community should take coordinated actions under the UN auspices. The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy is of vital importance.

We call for increasing adherence to the UN counter-terrorism conventions and providing practical assistance to states in their implementation. We support consolidated efforts aimed at preventing terrorism, counteracting its ideology, radicalization of public sentiments on this basis, as well as the use of Internet and mass media for the terrorist purposes.

34. Further mobilization of efforts is needed to address the global drug-related threat, to maintain the integrity of the applicable International Drug Control System established by the UN drug conventions. Attempts to decriminalize illicit drug trafficking and to impose controversial counter-drug methods as a "global standard", which contravenes counter-drug conventions, are inappropriate. It is of primary importance to strengthen the international precursor control regime.

Russia will continue to expand its contribution to war on spread of drugs, in particular by means of participation in Paris-Moscow process, effective multilateral mechanism "Canal", and other counter-drug initiatives through the CSTO, SCO, NRC, and OSCE.

35. We stand for increasing the number of participants and ensuring effective implementation of the main UN anti-crime conventions. We support intensive international collaboration toward establishing an efficient global mechanism to review progress in the implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption, launching effective procedures for the return of corrupt assets to countries of origin, as well as enhancing technical assistance to the countries concerned. In this regard, we give particular importance to the preparation of the sixth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption to be held in Russia in 2015. We stand for reinforcement of the cooperation against human trafficking and illicit trade in precious metals and wildlife.

36. Russia stands for the UN discussion of interfaith and inter-cultural cooperation issues for peace, including in the framework of the Alliance of Civilizations. We will take an active part in events on the occasion of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013–2023).

37. We believe that the interstate cooperation in protecting human rights is extremely important. We think it is for states to bear the main responsibility, while international institutions and mechanisms should play a supportive role. In our view, the UN human rights architecture should function without politicization. Adoption of confrontational resolutions on human rights situations in certain countries is inappropriate, given the successful functioning of the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council. Russia vigorously condemns the use of human rights issues as a pretext for interference in internal affairs of states.

38. We are consistently stating in the UN that it is inadmissible to distort the history and to revise the outcomes of the Second World War, especially in the light of the 70th anniversary of the Victory. Russia will again promote the draft of General Assembly resolution on inadmissibility of the glorification of Nazism usually voted for by the majority of states. We hope the delegations that abstained from voting or voted against this initiative in the past will find the courage to oppose the fight against glorification of war criminals convicted in Nuremberg and their collaborators and will definitely denounce new forms of racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance.

39. We decisively condemn all forms or manifestations of discrimination on any ground. The ban on discrimination set out in international human rights documents is universal and applies to all without exception.

There are no separate norms in international law which regulate the protection of people in conformity with their sexual orientation or the so-called gender identity. We cannot support the attempts to segregate this category of people into a separate entity. It is unacceptable to allegedly protect the so-called sexual minorities and, by doing that, practically propagate and aggressively impose a certain lifestyle and a set of values which can be insulting to a considerable part of society.

40. Generally, we support the activity of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and make a voluntary annual contribution of 2 mln USD to its budget. It is necessary to enhance the Office's transparency and accountability to specialized intergovernmental bodies.

41. In the area of social development, we promote the eradication of poverty, closer social integration, full employment and decent work for all. We also stand for the exercise of citizens' social rights with a special focus on the problems of vulnerable social groups so as to effectively implement the outcome of the World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen, 1995) and of the 24th special session of the General Assembly. The Commission for Social Development remains the main coordinating body in the UN system in this field.

42. A major role in ensuring gender equality is taken by the UN Commission on the Status of Women. The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, as well as the decisions of the 23rd special session of the General Assembly provide meaningful guidance to States.

We appreciate the activity of the UN-Women structure, the presence of which in any country can only be guaranteed by agreement with the States.

43. We stand for intensifying international cooperation to protect children's rights and for advancing the ideals of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The outcome document of the 27th special session "A World Fit for Children" serves as a practical guide for action in this area. We place emphasis on celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which is to take place in November 2014.

44. Russia sees cooperation in sports and commitment to sports ideals in the world as an effective instrument to foster respect and mutual understanding between nations. The Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games gave a strong impetus to the further development of the Olympic movement. We are committed to hosting the 2018 Football World Cup at a high level.

45. We put on emphasis on facilitating multilateral economic, environmental and humanitarian cooperation as well as on implementing the outcomes of the UN high-profile social and economic forums. We also pay heed to providing the continuity of new global development goals with respect to the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs).

We intend to cooperate constructively during the preparation for the UN Summit in 2015, which is to set out a new post-2015 Global Development Agenda. The summit is to result in a program of action relevant to modern challenges and based upon the sustainable development concept. Eradicating poverty is the main priority of the Global Development Agenda.

46. We hail the UN Secretary General's initiative to hold the so-called "climate summit" on 23 September 2014, which is to give an impetus to multilateral efforts in addressing climate change and adopting a new international climatic agreement at the conference in Paris in 2015. We are convinced that the attainment of the final goal of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to stabilize the greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere is only possible with full participation of the world's countries with regard to their real capabilities and depending on the degree of their influence on climate change.

47. We stand for enhancing UN instruments in the field of development financing following the results of international conferences in Monterrey and Doha. We are interested to successfully convene the next round of this conference so as to promote multilateral cooperation in this field and integrate both UN and non-UN processes.

48. Social and economic development of African states must remain high on the GA agenda. We are interested in the well-functioning mechanism to monitor and assess the progress of all parties in the implementation of their commitments to African development. We are fully committed to complying with international commitments on assistance to Africa.

49. We place emphasis on operational activity given our country's status as a development donor. We stand for the enhanced UN role in facilitating international development and increasing the effectiveness of its operational agencies.

50. The healthcare topic, including non-communicable disease and HIV/AIDS control, is a priority for us. We are ready for close cooperation with all parties concerned, including specialized NGOs, so as to implement the decisions of the GA High-level Meeting on preventing and fighting non-communicable diseases.

We intend to carry on a constructive dialogue at the forthcoming special UN GA session in September on reviewing progress in the implementation of the Program of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development.

51. We support the enhancement of international humanitarian cooperation, including the preparation for the World Humanitarian Summi,t which is to take place in Istanbul in 2016 at the initiative of the UN Secretary General. The UN General Assembly resolution 46/182 must remain the basis for the UN in the humanitarian sphere. Enhancing the role of the UN in coordinating humanitarian assistance to some countries, including those affected by war, needs special attention.

52. We give priority to disaster risk reduction. We urge all member states and other parties concerned to demonstrate a constructive approach while preparing for the upcoming third International Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan in March 2015. We welcome the enhancement of FAO and WFP in providing food security.

53. In cooperation with our Customs Union and Common economic space partners we will continue to actively advance the international status of the developing Eurasian economic union. We will consistently facilitate the forging and extending of ties between the UN and the Eurasian economic union.

54. Requests for additional resources on the UN regular budget for 2014 – 2015 are to be considered with due account of the need to curb growing expenses. The Secretary General's propositions about financing missions with non-changed mandates need careful examination. It is advisable to insist on the well-balanced use of all technical means the UN has at its disposal.

Reforms in the HR management, purchasing, logistics of the UN peace-keeping activity must be carried out in conformity with the decisions of member states and their controlling prerogatives.

55. We consider multilingualism to be a core UN principle. The equal resource provision of all the six official UN languages is required. We stand for a reasonable balance in the use of traditional and innovative communication technologies in order to cover the widest audience.