Foreign economic relations of constituent entities of the Russian Federation
Passport of the Voronezh Region
Year of formation
52,2 thousand km²
Population (as of 01.01.2020), thousand people
Density of population
44,5 people per 1 km²
City District of Voronezh
Distance to Moscow
Geographical position and landscape
The Voronezh Region is part of the Central Federal District (further - CFD) and the Central Black-Soil macro-region. It borders the Belgorod, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov, Saratov, Volgograd, Rostov regions, and Ukraine.
The Voronezh Region is located in the forest-steppe and steppe zones.
The soils are represented by leached and typical black soils in the North, and common black soils in the South. The natural landscape of the Region is characterized by extensive forests (mainly oak and pine forests), many of which bare the status of forest reserves, with areas of indigenous steppes.
Land resources of the Region are represented by 4,1 million hectares of farmland, including 3 million hectares of high-yield black soil plough land.
Mineral resources base is mainly represented by mining and chemical raw materials (refractory clays, construction and glass sands, chalk, marl, limestone, brick clay, granite). There are several mineral water sources. The Region possesses a prospective copper-nickel ores province (third in thickness in Russia).
Forest resources are represented by oak, pine, birch, alder wood, and perform mainly protective forest belt role. Forest land constitutes about 10% of the territory.
Recreational resources of the Region are extremely diverse and promising for recreation and tourism. There are the Voronezh and the Novohopersk Biosphere Reserves in the Region.
Administrative and territorial division
The Region consists of 3 City Districts, 31 municipal districts, with 28 urban settlements and 416 rural settlements. There are 15 towns, 4 urban-type communities, 13 workers' settlements and 1699 rural settlements.
The administrative center is the City District of Voronezh with the population (as of 01.01.2020) of 1058,3 thousand people.
Voronezh first appeared in 1586 as a fortress. In XVII century it became a largest center of trade. Since 1711 it was the center of the Azov province, and since 1725 – of the Voronezh province. Today Voronezh is one of the agro-industrial centers of Russia.
The other largest City Districts are Borisoglebsk and Novovoronezh with the population of, respectively, 70,9 and 31,5 thousand people.
The proportion of urban population is 68%; of rural population – 32%. Density of population is 44,5 people per 1 km²
The Region’s center is the City District of Voronezh, located on the river Voronezh.
The Voronezh Region is situated in the transport communications hub that connects it with the industrial areas of Russia and CIS countries. Airport “Voronezh” has been a holder of the international status since 1995.
A number of major highways, such as Moscow–Rostov, Moscow–Astrakhan, Kursk–Saratov go through Voronezh.
The South-East railroad, one of the most high-capacity transport arteries in the Russian railway network, connects the center of the European part of the country with North Caucasus, Volga River basin, Ukraine, and the Eastern part
of the country.
The establishment of municipal road funds, in addition to the already existing Federal and Regional road funds, not only increased the financing of the industry, but also ensured the stability and predictability of financial flows, made it possible to develop long-term goal-oriented programs secured with resources, including regional and municipal ones. The said funds also make it possible to maintain and develop road network. Owing to a system of long-term contracts for the implementation of highways maintenance works, it became possible to increase the share of regional or inter-municipal public roads that meet the Voronezh Region regulatory requirements, up to 68.9%.
The labour force made 1182,1 thousand people (year 2019), or 50.9% of the total population of the Region, with 1140 thousand (96.4% of the economically active population) engaged in economy.
Of the total number of the working population, 19% are employed in industry, 10% in agriculture, 9.9% in education, 8.9% in healthcare and social service institutions.
The internal regional parameters of the development of the Voronezh Region against the Russian economy over the past 10 years have been sufficiently favorable, which allowed to maintain the positive dynamics of the gross regional product during the indicated period.
According to the volume of its economy, the Voronezh Region has traditionally been among the top three of the CFD regions (after Moscow and the Moscow Region), and has closely approached the top twenty of the most economically developed regions in the country. The volume of the GRP went up from 347 billion rubles (year 2010) to 1 trillion rubles (estimates, year 2020). According to the dynamics of economic growth accumulated in recent years, the Region is among the most dynamically developing subjects of the Russian Federation.
The leading types of economic activity securing over 60% of the produced GRP are industrial production, agriculture, construction, transport and communication, trade.
Industry is one of the most dynamically developing branches of the Regional economy. The Voronezh Region industry has demonstrated a continuous positive trend since 2010, almost all the time exceeding all-Russian figures. The results
of year 2019 made no exception: as of the end of 2020, the index of industrial production will make 105% (estimates).
Over the period of 2015-2019, the index of industrial production made 130.4% (to the level of 2014), while that for the Russian Federation was 105%.
The leading industrial productions in the Region are: electric power, foodstuffs, chemicals, rubber and plastic goods, means of transport and equipment, machinery and equipment, electrical equipment, electronic and optical equipment, metallurgical production and fabricated metal products, other non-metallic mineral products.
The Regional enterprises produce airbuses “IL-96” (the only production of wide-body long-range passenger aircrafts in the country), military transport aircrafts “IL-112B”; space-rocket engines; electrical equipment and communication facilities; steel bridge structures; synthetic rubber; mineral fertilizers; car tires; ore-dressing equipment; equipment for oil and gas extraction, transportation and processing; forge-and-pressing machines; ceramic facing tile and ceramic-granite; walling; cement, metal and concrete products and constructions; wide range of foodstuffs, etc.
According to climatic and economic conditions the Voronezh Region is an area of intensive and developed agricultural production. 3/4 of the Region's soils are black soils. Farmland accounts for 77% of all the land in the Region, plough land – for 58%.
Leading agricultural sectors are livestock farming (cattle breeding, pig breeding, sheep breeding, poultry farming) and plant cultivation (wheat, rye, barley, corn, sugar beet, sunflower).
Agriculture of the Region is characterized by a stable dynamic development. According to its contribution to the all-Russian volume of agricultural production (4%), the Voronezh Region ranks 5th in the country, and is among the top five leaders in crop production among the Russian Federation regions.
Due to the implementation of large-scale investment projects, the Regional livestock production is developing at an accelerated pace. Based on preliminary estimates, in 2020 the production of milk will exceed 1 million ton, the production of meat – about 550 thousand ton. These are the maximum produced volumes over the past 25 years.
Said consistently high rates are ensured thanks to the implementation of the dairy and the beef clusters. In dairy farming, with the start of implementation of investment projects in 2006, over 30 modern hi-tech dairy complexes with the capacity varying from 1 000 to 5 600 head of milking herd each were put into operation in the Region. The Region ranks 3d among the subjects of the Russian Federation for the production of milk by agricultural organizations.
In the cattle breeding sector, there are now about 300 agricultural enterprises and farms with the total commercial herd of purebred and crossbred beef cattle of over 160 thousand head. Among them is JSC “Zarechnoye”, implementing an investment project for the production of high quality “marble beef” (over 70 thousand head beef cattle). For the first time a new industry for the Region, beef cattle breeding, was created. With the production of over 50 thousand ton beef per year the Region ranks 4th in the National rating.
The pig breeding industry is successfully developing. With over 300 thousand ton pork produced per year and total pig population of 1,5 million head, the Region is in the top three of the Russian Federation regions.
The Regional Government pursues an active investment policy geared to the solution of strategic objectives of economic modernization, renovation and diversification of the production sphere.
In the framework of the Voronezh Region Investment Strategy, the Government of the Region is implementing a set of measures intended for the creation of conditions for the mobilization of domestic, and increasing the inflow of external investment resources into the Region's economy; expansion of the sources of investment in business projects; development of the Regional infrastructure using public-private partnership mechanisms.
In order to create a comfortable business environment, to optimize regulatory procedures in the Voronezh Region, the Standard of the Executive Bodies' Activity was introduced to ensure a favorable investment climate.
Currently, there are 4 state Industrial Parks in the Region – “Maslovsky”, “Liskinsky”, “Bobrovsky”, “Voronezh”, and a private industrial park “Perspectiva”.
In 2018, the Voronezh Region completed the establishment of a social-and-economic priority development zone “Pavlovsk” and a Special Economic Zone of industrial-production type “Center”.
The implementation of a set of measures creating comfortable conditions for doing business and stimulating investment activity ensured the leading positions of the Voronezh Region in the national ratings for investment development of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The building complex of the Voronezh Region is one of the largest and most significant sectors of the Region's economy that provides construction of industrial, civil and residential facilities of any complexity with the use of modern materials and technologies.
In terms of the volume of construction and installation works, our Region is steadily occupying a leading position in the CFD (3d place after Moscow and the Moscow region)
According to the volume of the total area of housing commissioned, the Voronezh Region is among the top 20 regions of the Russian Federation (2019 – 11th place) that provide the largest annual growth in housing, and among the top five of the CFD, second only to Moscow and the Moscow Region.
In average, 30,8 square meters of housing are available per 1 resident of the Voronezh Region (in the Russian Federation – 26,3 m²).
Trade is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Regional economy.
In terms of the amount of retail trade, the Voronezh Region ranks 3d in the CFD (after Moscow and the Moscow Region), and 11th in the Russian Federation.
In the structure of the economy, trade accounts for about 19%, the number of people employed in this sphere is 16% of the economically engaged population of the Region. Over 20 thousand economic entities operate on the territory of the Region in all segments of the consumer market, as well as over 150 shopping centers. During recent years, such large retail chains “Pyaterochka” and “Magnit” have opened their distribution centers in the Region, linking regional producers of agricultural products and foodstuffs with retailers.
Communication and information technologies
Local, long distance and international phone landline communications, mobile and postal services, telematic services and broadcasting are extensively developing in the Region, engaging more than 100 telecom operators.
Mobile services market shows the highest growth rate. All the largest mobile operators of the country are represented in the Region.
Since 2010, the Voronezh Region Autonomous Institution “The Multifunctional Center for the Provision of State and Municipal Services” (MFC) has been operating in the Voronezh Region. The infrastructure for serving applicants today is available in each municipal district and city district of the Region. Every year shows a steady growth of the number of citizens applying for services in the MFC, as well as the expansion of the list of state, municipal and additional services provided on the basis of the MFC.
As of 01.11.2020, there are 54 credit institutions in the Voronezh Region, including 8 branches of banks of other regions (including the Tsentralno-Chernozyomny Bank of Sberbank of Russia).
Altogether, with the additional offices, operating cash offices outside cash units, there are 589 units of credit institutions in the Voronezh Region.
The Voronezh Region holds the 7th place in Russia according to the number of University students (369 per 10 thousand people), and is in the top 20 regions according to the number of Schools of Higher Learning. Thus, in the CFD, the Region ranks 2nd after Moscow according to the number of University students and the number of professional education institutions. The system of Higher and vocational education includes 15 Universities with 86 thousand students (all forms of education); 52 vocational schools with the student body of over 43 thousand. The Universities offer more than 200 majors.
The improvement of the three-level healthcare system has been continued: new units created, new technologies for medical care introduced, new healthcare facilities built and put into operation.
The material and technical base of healthcare has continued to strengthen: new hospitals, polyclinics, feldsher-obstetric stations and outpatient clinics are built.
Owing to the state policy in the field of healthcare, the life expectancy of the population over the past 10 years has increased by 5 years and in 2019 made 73,6 years (Russian Federation – 73,3 years).
The Voronezh Region is a birthplace of lyrical folk poets A. Koltsov and I. Nikitin; the world-famous writers I. Bunin, A. Platonov and G. Troyepolsky; columnist V. Peskov; artist I. Kramskoy.
There are 8 state and municipal theaters, and 4 concert halls in the Region.
With the support of the Government of the Voronezh Region, large-scale cultural projects are implemented: the events of the Moscow Easter Festival,
an international-scale image project - International Platonov Arts Festival, festival of ballet dancers - “Voronezh Stars of World Ballet”, summer theater festival “Ramenie-Opera”, festivals of academic music – “Voronezh Camerata”, “Voronezh Names”, Festival of Children's Theater Groups MARSHAK, “Mandelstamfest”, Academic artistic “open airs” with the participation of members of the Russian Academy of Arts and artists of the CFD regions.
Among places of interest are such architectural monuments of XVII - XIX centuries as historical and cultural center “the Oldenburg Palace complex”, Museum “Arsenal”; the Fine Arts Museum named after I. Kramskoy; the State Archaeological Museum “Kostenki” (the Khokholsky District), and the architectural and archaeological museum “Divnogorie” (the Liski District).
June 2014 was marked by the formal opening of the “museum-on-the-ship” “Goto Predestinatio”, a life-size copy of the Russian battleship built on the Voronezh shipyard in 1700. “Goto Predestinatio” was the first Russian battleship built without foreign shipbuilders.