Comment by the Information and Press Department on statements by a Japanese diplomat on a peace treaty
We have taken not of an interview by Toshihiro Aiki, a senior official of the Japanese Foreign Ministry, about a peace treaty with Russia. The Japanese official stated, among other things, that “not all the results of World War II have been summed up” and the so-called territorial dispute has to be addressed as well.
We would like to note in this regard that by signing the Instrument of Surrender on September 2, 1945, Japan not only admitted its loss but also took responsibility for actions against the USSR and other allied powers during the Second World War.
The results of the war, in their territorial values, were firmly fixed in the San Francisco Peace Treaty of September 8, 1951. According to Page Two of the document, Japan relinquished all rights, titles and claims to the southern part of Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands. The fact that the Soviet Union did not sign the San Francisco Peace Treaty has no effect on Japan’s obligation.
The Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, which restored diplomatic relations between the two countries, was entirely based on Japan’s recognition of post-war reality. Owing to the declaration, Japan obtained international legal capacity and competence by joining the United Nations with the Soviet Union’s consent. UN membership, as is known, requires full recognition of its Charter, including Article 107, confirming the legitimacy of all allied powers’ actions committed during the war.
We sincerely regret that Japan is trying to hold a public discussion of a sensitive issue in bilateral relations by arbitrarily misinterpreting historical facts.
February 20, 2016