8 November 201617:13

Joint statement by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China following the first joint inspection of the Russia-China border, St Petersburg, November 7, 2016

2067-08-11-2016

  • en-GB1 ru-RU1

The Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People’s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Parties”), in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Russia-China state border regime on November 9, 2006, during the period from 2011 to 2016, held the first joint inspection of the Russia-China state border (hereinafter referred to as the “joint inspection.”)

1. During the first joint inspection, the Parties were guided by the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as the principle of the immutability of the state border delineated in accordance with the Agreement signed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the People's Republic of China on the Soviet-Chinese border in its Eastern part on May 16, 1991, and the Agreement signed by the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on the Russia-China state border in its Western part on September 3, 1994 and delineated in accordance with the Protocol describing the line of the Russia-China state border in its Eastern part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on December 9, 1999, the Protocol describing the Russia-China state border in its Western part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on December 9, 1999, and a Supplemental Protocol describing the Russia-China border in its Eastern part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on June 20, 2002.

2. The Parties have established the Russia-China Commission for the first joint inspection of the state border between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Commission”) which was comprised of the Joint Topographical Group, Joint Hydrographic Group, Joint Expert Group, eleven field groups working on the ground, and two hydrographic subgroups. Acting in the spirit of mutual support and close cooperation, the Parties have developed the necessary regulations concerning the work standards, the operational instructions and the procedure for performing the work, while putting into practice innovative measurement technology and tools, which laid a solid foundation for the successful implementation of the joint inspection.

3. Based on the data obtained in the course of the large-scale geodetic, topographic and hydrographic surveys, aerial studies, newly created log maps, description of the border line and border signs, a Protocol was drawn up between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the outcome of the first joint inspection of the Russia-China state border with an attached map of the state border, as well as other materials produced by the joint inspection, including tables showing ownership of islands and shoals, and border sign protocols. These documents reflect changes in the terrain that occurred after the 1999 demarcation, as well as the agreements of the Parties, to provide more details in delineating the state border.

4. The Parties hereby announce the successful completion of the first joint inspection of the Russia-China state border with a total length of over 4,300 kilometres. The Parties note that the border runs across a rugged and constantly changing terrain.

The Parties have demonstrated high levels of cooperation in providing relief in the wake of a disastrous flood in the Amur River basin in 2013−2014, which was instrumental in ensuring that the first joint inspection was conducted in full.

The major amount of work performed by the Parties has laid a good foundation for future joint inspections.

5. Once they enter into force, the above-mentioned Protocol on the results of the joint inspection and the attached map will become additional border delineation documents and be used along with the Protocol of December 9, 1999 describing the line of the Russia-China state border in its Eastern part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China and the attached map and the Protocol of December 9, 1999 describing the Russia-China state border in its Western part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China and the attached map and the Supplemental Protocol describing the Russia-China state border in its Eastern part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic on June 20, 2002.

6. The joint inspection of the two sections of the state border, determined in accordance with the Supplemental Agreement signed by the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on Russia-China state border in its Eastern part on October 14, 2004 and marked in accordance with the Supplemental Protocol describing the line of the Russia-China state border in its Eastern part signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on July 21, 2008 will be implemented by the Parties in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement signed by the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the regime of the Russia-China border on November 9, 2006.

7. The Parties note that the joint inspection of the state border was carried out with close cooperation between relevant central and local executive authorities and residents of the border regions of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China. The participants of the joint inspection showed high professionalism, responsibility and close cooperation.

The Parties will continue to make efforts to maintain a clearly defined border line, stability, and peace on the border between the two states, and promote friendly exchanges and mutually beneficial cooperation in the border regions.

8. The Parties are unanimous in their opinion that the prosperity and the development of the border regions of the two states and comprehensive mutually beneficial cooperation between them is a reflection of the high level of Russia-China relations based on comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation. It fully meets the genuine interests of the nations and significantly contributes to the stability and prosperity of the two states in the long term, as well as peace and stability across Northeast Asia.

The Parties shall strictly abide by the principles and basic norms of international law, maintain common efforts designed to further harmonise the development of contiguous regions of the Russia-China state border, which has become a belt of peace, cooperation, stability and tranquillity, friendship and prosperity.

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