23.05.1812:29

Британские версии и спекуляции об отравлении Скрипалей

British versions and speculations concerning the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury on 4 March 2018

 

The substance used and the delivery method

1. Sergei and Yulia Skripal might have been poisoned with a synthetic opioid drug substance fentanyl. Salisbury Journal, 5 March 2018

2. The poison might have been mixed with drinks or food either in “Zizzi” restaurant or in “The Mill” pub. The Sun, 6 March 2018

3. The poison could have been sprayed by the attackers on the street. The Sun, 6 March 2018

4. The Skripals were poisoned by a hybrid version of thallium. The Sun, 6 March 2018

5. The Skripals were poisoned by sarin slipped by Kremlin-linked assassins into Sergei Skripal’s present in Moscow. The Sun, 9 March 2018

6. The Skripals could have been poisoned by a bouquet of fresh flowers which they laid on the grave of Sergei Skripal’s late wife. Daily Mail, 10 March 2018

7. The poison was smeared on Sergei Skripal’s car door handle. Daily Mail, 13 March 2018

8. The nerve agent was concealed in an item of clothing, a gift or cosmetics in Yulia Skripal’s baggage. Daily Telegraph, 15 March 2018

9. The nerve agent was delivered by a drone. Daily Star, 18 March 2018

10. The nerve agent was introduced to Sergei Skripal’s car ventilation system. Daily Mail, 19 March 2018

11. The Skripals first came into contact with the nerve agent from their front door. Deputy Assistant Commissioner Dean Haydon, Senior National Coordinator for Counter Terrorism Policing, 27 March 2018

12. The nerve agent was smeared on Sergei Skripal’s front door by a Russian hit squad. Daily Telegraph, 28 March.

13. The nerve agent was brought to Britain in a bag with buckwheat, bay leaves and spices, by Yulia Skripal’s acquaintance, who was coming to London by another flight. The Sun, 1 April 2018

14. The nerve agent was smeared on Sergei Skripal’s door handle as a gel. Considering the rainy weather, the Skripals may have got it on their shoes and spread it further around Salisbury than previously thought. Daily Mail, 3 May 2018

 

Motive

15. Yulia Skripal was poisoned for her comment against Vladimir Putin on Facebook. The Sun, 6 March 2018

16. Sergei Skripal regularly met with Kremlin officials at the Russian Embassy. The Sun, 9 March 2018

17. Sergei Skripal was poisoned for using his contacts in the intelligence community to work for private security firms. The Independent, 8 March 2018

18. «Russia views some defectors as legitimate targets for assassinations…». Statement by Theresa May in the House of Commons, 12 March 2018

19. «We have information indicating Russian intelligence service interest in the Skripals, dating back at least as far as 2013, when e-mail accounts belonging to Yulia Skripal were targeted by GRU cyber specialists…». Sir Mark Sedwill’s letter to Jens Stoltenberg, 13 April 2018

 

Origin

20. The poison was produced in the Russian government’s secret Yasenevo complex. The Sun, 9 March 2018

21. «The Government have concluded that it is highly likely that Russia was responsible for this act…». Statement by Theresa May in the House of Commons, 12 March 2018

22. «…Porton Down made clear that this was a military-grade Novichok nerve agent produced in Russia». FCO tweet, 22 March 2018

23. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, asked whether he is certain that the nerve agent was produced by Russia: «Let me be clear with you… When I look at the evidence, I mean the people from Porton Down, the Laboratory… They do [have the samples]. And they were absolutely categorical and I asked the guy myself, I said, “Are you sure?” And he said there’s no doubt…» Boris Johnson’s interview with Deutsche Welle, 19 March 2018

24. Chief Executive of Porton Down laboratory Gary Aitkenhead said the poison had been identified as a military-grade novichok nerve agent, but pointed out it was not possible for scientists to say where it had been created. Sky News, 3 April 2018.

25. «In the 1980s the Soviet Union developed a new class of ‘fourth generation’ nerve agents, known as Novichoks. The key institute responsible for this work was a branch of the State Institute for Organic Chemistry and Technology at Shikhany near Volgograd… During the 2000s, Russia commenced a programme to test means of delivering chemical warfare agents and to train personnel from special units in the use of these weapons. This programme subsequently included investigation of ways of delivering nerve agents, including by application to door handles…». Sir Mark Sedwill’s letter to Jens Stoltenberg, 13 April 2018

 

Properties of the poison

26. The nerve agent used in Salisbury would have a very limited lifetime in the UK. This is presumably why the street in Salisbury was being hosed down as a precaution. Daily Mail, 13 March 2018

27. The nerve agent used to poison the Skripals was specially designed to take about four hours to kill them so the assassins could flee Britain. Daily Mail, 7 April 2018

28. The assassin failed to understand the gel nerve agent needed dry conditions to be fully potent as it dissolves in water. The Sun, 14 April 2018

 

Identification of suspects

29. British security agencies have red-flagged an individual who arrived at Heathrow on the Aeroflot flight 2570 at 14.32 on March 3 and returned to Moscow several hours later, raising questions as to the purpose of such short visit. Daily Mail, 3 April 2018

30. The Russian national suspected of planning the attack on the Skripals is living undercover in Britain and leads a six-strong hit squad known as “The Cleaners”. They use false identities from an EU state. Sunday Mirror, 7 April 2018

31. Yulia Skripal’s fiancé Stepan Vikeev and his mother had a role in the Skripal poisoning. Mail on Sunday, 21 April 2018

32. Counter terror police have identified a Russian assassin believed to be connected to the Salisbury poisoning. He is a 54 year-old former FSB spy codenamed “Gordon” and is thought to use the cover name Mihails Savickis as well as two other aliases. Police fear he already left Britain and they may never have a chance to question him. Sunday People, 22 April 2018

33. Britain’s intelligence services have compiled a list of key suspects involved in the attack in Salisbury. Daily Mail, 22 April 2018

34. «Johnny Mercer: Quickly on Salisbury, Sir Mark, do you know who the individuals are who poisoned the Skripals? Sir Mark Sedwill: Not yet.» Sir Mark Sedwill’s oral evidence in the Commons Defence Committee, 1 May 2018

 

Other

35. The Skripals could suffer long-tern brain damage and may never fully recover. Financial Times, 22 March 2018

36. The RAF listening post in Cyprus intercepted two messages sent from Syria to Moscow on 3 and 4 March, which included the phrases “the package has been delivered” and that two people have “made a successful egress”. They were flagged as relevant to the Salisbury poisoning. Sunday Express, 8 April 2018;     The Times, 9 April 2018.