IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)
The Russian delegation’s remarks on Clause 4 of the preliminary programme for the IAEA Board of Governors session, March 5-9, 2018
Verification and monitoring in the Islamic
Republic of Iran in the light of UN Security Council
Resolution 2231 (2015)
We are grateful to the IAEA Director General and the Department of Safeguards staff for preparing an exhaustive report on verification and monitoring in Iran in the light of implementing UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015).
Most importantly, the report has clearly reaffirmed that Iran has meticulously fulfilled its commitments under the JCPOA, observed the established parameters and restraints on the development of its nuclear programme, and provided IAEA inspectors access to all the facilities of interest to them. We regard this as a planned advance towards preparing a so-called extended safeguards conclusion that all the nuclear material in Iran remains in peaceful nuclear activities.
We support the Secretariat’s intention to strictly abide by the abovementioned practices in the context of verification in Iran and to refrain from going beyond the JCPOA mandate approved by the relevant IAEA BG decisions. Any matters related to assuring IAEA inspectors’ access to Iranian facilities should be addressed strictly in conformity with the provisions of the Additional Protocol. The slightest departure from the existing procedures and accepted practice will have the most negative consequences for the IAEA system of safeguards and the non-proliferation regime as a whole.
We are pleased to note that Iran and the IAEA Secretariat are demonstrating a high level of professional interaction. The results are self-evident: The Iranian nuclear programme presents no proliferation threats. This is direct confirmation of the fact that the JCPOA is coping with its objectives.
We think it necessary to stress that the 2015 comprehensive agreements related to the Iranian nuclear settlement between six world powers and Iran are a coordinated and balanced mechanism based on mutual regard for the interests of all parties concerned. We call on all parties involved to strictly abide by their commitments under the JCPOA. It should be recalled that the comprehensive agreements on the INP have been approved by UN Security Council Resolution 2231 and are mandatory for implementation by all member-states without exception, including the permanent members of the UN Security Council. We note the IAEA Director General’s remarks to the effect that the JCPOA collapse would be a major loss for the verification mechanisms and multilateral diplomacy principles. What is happening around the JCPOA now has a negative effect on prospects for dealing with the nuclear problem on the Korean Peninsula.
We are concerned over a certain country’s attempts to terrorise Iran, in line with its domestic political preferences, by threatening to withdraw from the JCPOA or induce its collapse, this contrary to its own commitments, to the international community’s will expressed in Security Council Resolution 2231, and to common sense. It should be remembered that the comprehensive agreements on the Iranian nuclear programme have been largely formulated by that country itself. We call on all politically sound forces to unite and move to the defence of the JCPOA in the name of preserving the non-proliferation regime and maintaining international peace and security.