Council of Europe (CoE)
Press release on the signing of the Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism
On July 27, in Strasbourg, a representative of the Russian Federation signed the Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism and made the following statement:
“The Russian Federation announces that in accordance with the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the actions covered by Article Four of the Additional Protocol shall be regarded as preparations for committing a terrorist act or attempts at committing the said act and, as such, shall be established as a criminal offence.”
The said document was drafted by the Council of Europe Committee of Experts on Terrorism dealing, in part, with foreign terrorist fighters, with the active participation of the Russian Federation. The Protocol is of universal character and was opened for signing by the Council of Europe member states and other countries in Riga on October 22, 2015.
The purpose of the Protocol is to supplement the provisions of the 2005 Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism so as to invigorate the efforts of the states in preventing terrorism and its negative effects on the full enjoyment of human rights, in particular the right to life, both by measures to be taken at the national level and through international co-operation.
The Protocol is designed to facilitate the implementation at the regional level of UN Security Council Resolution 2178 (2014) “Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts” adopted on the basis of Chapter VII of the UN Charter with the view to countering the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs).
The supplement to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism is aimed at disrupting the activities of the FTFs and persons that provide them financial or other support (“participating in an association or group for the purpose of terrorism,” “receiving training for terrorism,” and “travelling abroad for the purpose of terrorism”) and increasing exchange of information on them between the participating states.
The Protocol sets forth the commitments by member states on the criminalisation of acts such as participating in the activities of an association with a view to committing or contributing to the commission of a terrorist offence, receiving training for terrorism, travelling abroad for the purpose of terrorism or trying to travel abroad for this purpose, funding such travel by FTFs, organising it or assisting it otherwise.
Bona fide implementation of the Protocol will promote international anti-terrorist cooperation and enhance the efficiency of measures taken by states to counter FTFs.
The Russian Federation intends to ratify the Protocol as soon as possible.