Inter-American problems and regional policy
Press release on the outcome of the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 NPT Review Conference
On May 10, the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty summed up its three-year work to develop the organisational and substantive basis for a comprehensive review of the NPT at a meeting in New York. The NPT Review Conference will be held from April 27 to May 22, 2020.
The Preparatory Committee has resolved all the procedural issues in a timely manner, so that next year, the parties will be able to begin the discussion of implementation of its three components – nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear energy – without being distracted by secondary topics.
As expected, the representative of Argentina, Ambassador Rafael Grossi will preside at the Review Conference. Russia has fully supported Argentina’s nomination at every stage. We hope that, with his skilful guiding role, the conference will perform a thorough review, in a constructive atmosphere, culminating in positive results.
Although the committee has completed its work and the agenda of the 2020 Review Conference has been compiled, preparation for the conference is in full swing. The parties are intensifying work on their national reports. An exchange of views will be held in various formats to consider specific ways to strengthen the NPT, increase its effectiveness, and ensure a balanced approach to its core elements. In this regard, the results of the many targeted discussions at the Preparatory Committee’s platform are good food for thought and act as a kind of homework for all parties.
Russia is committed to further constructive cooperation with all interested parties in the interests of an effective NPT review process. We are open to discussing any sound ideas aimed at maintaining the treaty’s sustainable implementation for the sake of peace and security.
We believe that a reasonable, realistic approach, a unity of political will and ultimate goals, as well as the member states’ ability to focus on important things should be the key to a positive outcome to the difficult, sometimes emotionally charged debates expected in 2020. We are confident that it is in everyone’s common interests to preserve the NPT as the only basis for a global nuclear non-proliferation regime, a reference point for progress towards ridding the world of nuclear weapons amid equal and indivisible security for all countries, as well as a platform for all states to exercise their legitimate right to unhindered access and development of peaceful nuclear energy.
The current NPT review cycle is progressing in challenging conditions, when the global security architecture that has developed over the past decades is subjected to constant tests of strength. The Russian delegation to the Preparatory Committee has made every effort to draw the attention of the international community to the existing problems. In some cases, one needs to literally blow the whistle. We have presented a number of papers that we hope will elicit a proper response at the NPT Review Conference in 2020.
We presume that the practice of reviewing the treaty should contribute to its implementation; that it serves as a kind of intellectual support for the effective operation of its mechanisms and a convenient platform for combining efforts and for mutually beneficial sharing of best practices and experiences in the implementation of the Treaty.
We hope that the 2020 Review Conference will be held in an atmosphere of mutual understanding and will serve the goal of strengthening the NPT regime.