Russian MFA Press and Information Department Commentary: UN Security Council’s Adoption on June 9 of Resolution Regarding Iran
The UN Security Council on June 9 adopted resolution 1929 (2010) on Iran. Russia voted in its favor.
All the measures prescribed in the resolution are adopted under Article 41 of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, which excludes the possibility of using force. Reference to this article in the preamble to the resolution is supported by a clear statement: nothing in this resolution compels States to take measures or actions exceeding the scope of this resolution, including the use of force or the threat of force.
While working on the resolution in the formats of the Six and the UN Security Council the emergence of language in the text had been prevented that would have led to the use of “crippling” or “paralyzing” sanctions against Iran. As a result, all the sanctions measures envisioned by the resolution are focused on addressing non-proliferation goals in the context of Iran's nuclear program.
Accordingly, the main purport of the UN Security Council resolution is to induce the Iranian side to cooperate, and to get it to comply with the certain requirements set forth including through the IAEA. It is clear that the sanctions by themselves are unlikely to solve the problems associated with Iran’s nuclear program. The aim of our efforts is to give impetus to a politico-diplomatic resolution to the situation that would address the concerns of the international community regarding Iran's nuclear program and confirm its exclusively peaceful nature with the strict observance of the legitimate rights of Iran to peaceful uses of atomic energy.
It is towards dialogue and negotiation that the Joint Statement of Foreign Ministers of the Six published on the day of the adoption of the resolution, with confirmation of openness and readiness for constructive dealings with Iran, is specifically oriented.
The work on the resolution and the text of the Joint Ministerial Statement had been of a pragmatic nature. A significant positive contribution to the overall result was made by non-permanent members of the UN Security Council.
However, we can’t ignore the signals indicating that some partners intend, almost immediately after the decision in New York, to move to considering additional sanctions against Iran, more stringent than those provided by the UNSC resolution. We regard this as the manifestation of a policy that runs counter to the principles of joint work within the Six and the UNSC format. Unacceptable to us are attempts in such a way to place oneself “above” the Security Council. We also categorically reject any national decisions on the imposition of “extraterritorial sanctions,” i.e., restrictive measures under one’s own legislation with regard to individuals and legal entities in third countries. Such decisions, should they affect Russian legal entities or individuals, would entail retaliatory response by us.
The new resolution leaves extensive room for further cooperation with Iran in the trade and economic field and on energy, transport and peaceful space exploration. As applied to Russian-Iranian bilateral ties, all of these areas have significant potential and growth opportunities. Of fundamental importance for us is the further development of cooperation with Iran in the construction of light water reactors.
The Six had exerted considerable effort in preparing a package of positive incentives for Tehran. This package remains in force, as has been unambiguously confirmed by the new resolution. We hope that the leadership and people of Iran will come to realize the benefits to be gained by developing cooperation with the international community in various fields. This refers to the Iranian side’s compliance with the accords reached with the Six in Geneva on October 1, 2009, as well as the realization of the scheme of nuclear fuel supply for the Tehran Research Reactor (TRR), at the origins of which Russia stood.
Our assessments of the proposals of Iran, based on the provisions of the Tehran Declaration by the leaders of Iran, Brazil and Turkey of May 17, were conveyed to IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano in Vienna on June 9. We consider it essential to soon hold a meeting of the representatives of Russia, the United States, France and Iran under the aegis of the IAEA to discuss the technical aspects of the scheme of fuel supply for the TRR and finalize the draft agreement with the IAEA.
June 9, 2010